Canadian Environmental Law Association Logo

The Canadian Environmental Law Association (CELA) has a long history of involvement in some of the most important environmental litigation in Canada. As a legal aid clinic in Ontario, client representation focuses on the needs of low income communities and citizen-based organizations working in the public interest. CELA’s lawyers appear before all levels of federal and Ontario courts and tribunals on matters of statutory law and civil litigation. Topical collections are provided here containing summary and detailed publications related to CELA’s casework, including links to relevant materials located elsewhere on-line.

Council of Canadians

Founded in 1985, the Council of Canadians is Canada’s largest citizens’ organization, with members and chapters across the country. We work to protect Canadian independence by promoting progressive policies on fair trade, clean water, energy security, public health care, and other issues of social and economic concern to Canadians.


Ecojustice, formerly Sierra Legal Defence Fund, is Canada’s leading non-profit organization of lawyers and scientists devoted to protecting the environment. Since 1990, we have helped hundreds of groups, coalitions and communities expose law-breakers, hold governments accountable and establish powerful legal precedents in defence of our air, water, wildlife and natural spaces.

Fraser Riverkeeper

Citizen-based Fraser Riverkeeper works to protect and enhance the ecological health and integrity of the Fraser River and its tributaries for the enjoyment and benefit of its Fraser Valley and British Columbia communities. We work collaboratively to ensure that communities maintain control over their local waterway when threatened by development, industrialization, or pollution. Working in unison with individuals, business and community groups, we are fast becoming a community leader and a key resource for people who have questions or pollution concerns on the Fraser River or its tributaries. We work with water-based communities to find effective solutions to local problems.


Georgian Bay Foundation

Georgian Bay Forever (formerly GBA Foundation) is the lead organization that found ongoing changes in the St Clair River are increasing the outflow of Lakes Michigan and Huron and Georgian Bay – all one lake hydrologically. But there is a 5% increase in that outflow resulting is a loss of 6 Billion gallons per day. The glacial deposited Great Lakes are only a 1% renewable resource. We cannot afford this huge loss of water. The other lake all have bi-national control boards that set monthly outflow regulations for the control gates. Lake Michigan and Huron are the forgotten lakes for good reason.

Great Lakes United

For over 25 years, Great Lakes United has been a unifying voice for ensuring a healthy and vibrant future for the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River ecosystem. Our members span a diverse spectrum of interests, organizations and individuals. We are citizens, environmentalists, conservationists, labour unions, First Nations, tribes, hunters, anglers, academics, and progressive business. Together, we work to clean up toxic pollution, stop invasive species, and protect the waters of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River from damage and irresponsible use. Thousands of voices are calling for a healthier Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes United continues to be the coalition through which these voices are heard.


Lake Ontario Waterkeeper

Lake Ontario Waterkeeper is based in Toronto, Ontario. It launched in 2001 under the leadership of Waterkeeper & President Mark Mattson.

We conduct academic, legal, and field research. We aid communities struggling to use environmental laws to protect their rights. We mentor law students, using our Clean Water Workshop to inform their justice work. And, we educate the public about threats to clean water and opportunities to make wise, informed decisions for the future.

Lake Ontario is often considered irreparably polluted, but there is hope. We are breaking down the barriers to environmental justice, whether they are economic clout, political influence, or historical pollution.


Pollution Probe

About Pollution Probe's water program: Pollution Probe envisions a New Approach to Water Management; one that takes a progressive, prevention-oriented, forward-looking, long-term view of what is needed to achieve future sustainability. Pollution Probe believes that new principles, institutions and partnerships are needed to protect and enhance Canada's water resources.


Rivershed believes in achieving responsible stewardship, conservation and that protection is a process. It begins with awareness which, in turn, develops into understanding, inspiration, empowerment, action, citizenship and leadership.


Sierra Club Canada

Sierra Club Canada has been the grassroots defender of Canada’s environment since 1963. We are firmly non-partisan, yet unafraid to tell the political truth. Sierra Club Canada is committed to protecting and enhancing Canada’s  freshwater heritage. Our priorities include securing safe drinking water for all Canadians, protecting aquatic ecosystems, reducing demand for water through conservation, and preventing bulk water diversions. In the context of climate change, we recognize the importance of the water-energy nexus in setting policy for Tar Sands projects development and water  infrastructure.  Sierra Club Canada promotes the precautionary principle and  advocates the nested watershed approach, so that citizen involvement at the local watershed level carries forward to upper levels of  government and larger watersheds.

In the last five years, Sierra Club Ontario has been very actively involved with other ENGOs in the Great Lakes States, Ontario and Quebec in the development and implementation of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Sustainable Water Resources Agreement, with particular emphasis on water conservation policies and the banning of inter- and intra-basin diversions.

Sierra Club Canada spearheaded the development and publication of Changing the Flow and advocates a comprehensive national water strategy to guide coordinated actions at all levels, compelling the federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal governments to fulfill their responsibilities to protect Canada’s freshwater.



Alliance for the Great Lakes
Founded in 1970, the Alliance for the Great Lakes is the oldest North American and leading citizens' advocacy group working on Great Lakes issues, whose mission is to: conserve and restore the world's largest freshwater resource using policy, education and local efforts, ensuring a healthy Great Lakes and clean water for generations of people and wildlife.


BC Water & Waste Association

Safeguarding public health and the environment through the sharing of skills, knowledge, education and experience, and providing a voice for the water and waste community.


Oil Free Coast

The Program on Water Governance (PoWG) conducts basic research on water management, engages the wider community in outreach and education on water issues, and facilitates dialogue on water governance between universities, communities, government, NGOs and the private sector.

The PoWG is co-hosted by the Department of Geography and the Institute of Resources, Environment and Sustainability at UBC.

The Sea Around Us Project investigates the impact of fisheries on the world's marine ecosystems. This is achieved by using a Geographic Information System (GIS) to map global fisheries catches from 1950 to the present, under explicit consideration of major critical habitats of fish, marine invertebrates, marine mammals and other components of marine biodiversity.

State of the Great Lakes Ecosystem Conference 2009 Report

The State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conferences (SOLEC) are hosted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Environment Canada on behalf of the two countries. These conferences are held every two years in response to a reporting requirement of the binational Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). The goal of SOLEC is to achieve the overall purpose of the GLWQA “to restore and maintain the physical, chemical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin”. The conferences are intended to report on the state of the Great Lakes ecosystem and the major factors impacting it, and to provide a forum for exchange of this information amongst Great Lakes decision-makers.
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